Do Antibiotics Make Dogs Tired? Side Effects of Antibiotics


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Dr. Maxbetter Vizelberg DVM

The information is current and up-to-date in accordance with the latest veterinarian research.


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Antibiotics are one of the most commonly prescribed drugs for pets, and it’s essential to understand their role in helping our dogs, why your veterinarian may have prescribed them, and what the common side effects are. We’ve put together all this information for you, and you’ll learn how antibiotics affect your favorite pet.

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What Do Antibiotics Actually Do?

Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infections. Vets prescribe them if they believe an infection is unlikely to clear up on its own. When it’s left untreated, a bacterial infection can become more severe and lead to complications.

Not only are antibiotics one the most common types of medications prescribed, but there are also many types available and different classes. The various classes of antibiotics work in different ways against bacteria.

pet owner giving pill medication to dog
Image Credit: Jus_Ol, Shutterstock

Common Canine Antibiotics

You may find you recognize some of the names of antibiotics; dogs can be infected by many of the same bacteria we can, so it makes sense that you’ll see a crossover between their medication and ours.

Medications you might see are:

  • Amoxicillin
  • Amoxicillin/Clavulanate
  • Cephalexin
  • Enrofloxacin
  • Gentamicin
  • Metronidazole
  • Sulfamethoxazole-Trimethoprim
  • Tetracycline

However, don’t be tempted to self-diagnose or treat your animal yourself. Using antibiotics when they aren’t required leads to antibiotic resistance, which is dangerous for humans and pets. Several organizations, such as the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), have outlined how important it is to use antibiotics wisely to sustain their viability as treatments.

Can a Dog Overdose on Antibiotics?

Another important consideration is, can a dog overdose on antibiotics?

The answer is not only yes, but according to the Pet Poison Helpline, these are signs to look out for:

  • Diarrhea
  • Discolored teeth
  • Drooling
  • Inappropriate drinking or urinating
  • Loss of appetite
  • Skin lesions
  • Tremors
  • Vomiting

There are hundreds of antibiotics, and they each have a unique function and specific dosing range. If you believe your dog has ingested too much of an antibiotic or has ingested one prescribed to a human, contact your vet immediately.

sick german shepherd dog lying on the floor
Image Credit: Taisya Korchak, Shutterstock

Possible Side Effects

Some antibiotics cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and a loss of appetite, and you notice these effects within a day or two of starting the antibiotic. Feeding your dog when administering antibiotics can minimize these symptoms. However, it is possible for your vet to switch your dog to a different antibiotic or give them something else alongside the antibiotic to relieve the gastrointestinal upset.

Do Antibiotics Make Dogs Urinate More?

Peeing more often may not be due to the antibiotic itself but could be a downstream effect of increased thirst to compensate for, say, the diarrhea that has led to dehydration from the fluid loss. Many medications also recommend giving your dog plenty of water to stop the tablets from getting stuck in the esophagus, and increased water intake results in more urination.p

hand holding pill in front of pomeranian dog
Image Credit: Varvara Serebrova, Shutterstock

Allergic Reactions

Dogs can suffer from allergic reactions to antibiotics, but it is relatively uncommon. Just like humans, dogs can develop an allergic reaction at any time, so be aware that a past tolerance does not mean there won’t be an allergic reaction in the future.

The signs of an allergic reaction range from mild to severe, but the possible symptoms include a rash, hives, or swelling. Your dog could also experience difficulty breathing, seizures, excessive salivation, vomiting, and diarrhea. If you notice these symptoms, get your dog to the vet immediately.

Neurological Effects

Another relatively uncommon, though possible, side effect are neurological effects. These include head tilting to one side and balance problems. It’s crucial when your dog is on medication to monitor them closely so you can take the appropriate action if something goes wrong.

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Conclusion

Antibiotics are not directly responsible for your dog’s tiredness, but they arguably play an indirect role as they help your pet recover. It’s essential to follow the vet’s treatment instructions carefully to avoid an adverse reaction and look for any unusual symptoms while your dog is on an antibiotic. Also, be sure to provide healthy meals, fresh water, and plenty of love to your pup.


Featured Image Credit: Creative Cat Studio, Shutterstock



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